Market group and tools
(Group is heading; tools are bulleted)
Description of market groups Stakeholders sectors

Impact assessments

  • Environmental impact assessments (EIA and EHSIA)
  • Compensatory trading or offset schemes such as biodiversity of wetland offsets (e.g. BBOP)
  • Other project based impact assessments
Formal assessments of the environmental, social and economic impacts (positive or negatives changes) from a development project (e.g. dam, mine, road, industrial facility)
  1. Oil, gas, and mining companies
  2. Engineering firms
  3. Public and private financiers (e.g. banks, IFC)
  4. Environmental consultant
  5. Governments (e.g. permitting authorities, environmental agencies, local authorities)
  6. Academies and civil society
  7. Local communities

Production management & product management

  • Agriculture production & management systems
  • Forestry production & management systems
  • Mariculture and managed fisheries
  • Certification schemes (e.g. FSC, MSC, Rainforest Alliance)
  • Life cycle tools (LCA, LCI)
  • Product risk/supply risk (e.g. hotspot s in supply chains)
The active management of land or water ecosystem for the production of food, fuel, fibre, or feedstocks. These are often managed and measured based on the entire site (e.g. farm, marine area) or the product itself (e.g. kilo of coffee).
  1. Growers, harvesters, fishers, processors and retailers of food, feed, fibre, and fuel
  2. LCI and LCA technical experts
  3. Government (would pay for data and make publically available)
  4. Public and private financiers (e.g. banks)
  5. Other manufacturing firms
  6. Insurance industry
  7. Accounting firms
  8. Academies and civil society
  9. Local communities

PES schemes

  • Water quantity funds
  • Water quality payments (nutrients)
  • Carbon sequestration payments
  • Stacked payments
  • Environmental payments to growers
Payments for ecosystem services schemes such as carbon sequestration payments, water quality payments, etc.
  1. PES scheme buyers and sellers
  2. PES schemes developers and regulators
  3. Governments
  4. Certifiers, verifiers
  5. Buyers of certification (e.g. companies)
  6. Public and private financiers (e.g. banks, IFC)
  7. Academies and civil society
  8. Local communities

Public policy and ecosystem management

  • Inclusion of natural capital in national or regional accounts
  • Economic development/poverty alleviation
  • Zoning (terrestrial, coastal, and marine) and input into spatial planning
  • Emergency planning & management including natural hazard risk assessment
  • Energy Policy
  • Health Policy
  • Watershed management
  • Urban development and management
  • Nature conservation and protected areas management (including species management)
  • Ecosystem restoration
The management of ecosystems at different scales (e.g. site, landscape, national, regional) and usually involving stakeholders with competing interest in order provide benefits to people.
  1. Governments (e.g. permitting authorities, local authorities, land management agencies, rural development agencies)
  2. International development agencies
  3. Companies: major water users (e.g. utilities, major water users)
  4. Companies: private asset owners including major land owners or managers (e.g. agriculture, forestry)
  5. Companies: major coastal and sea resource users (e.g. tourism, real estate, infrastructure developers)
  6. Insurance and reinsurance companies
  7. Academies, civil society, local communities